Ever wonder about fair trade coffee and why it might matter?
Second only to crude oil, coffee is the most traded commodity on earth. Like other booming industries of trade, the potential for abuse is great, and over the years, we have seen a number of unfortunate side effects of the coffee trade. These include a number of environmental effects, human rights violations, risks to consumers, and negative impacts to communities around the world. But we can make a difference by buying fair trade coffee.
What is Fair Trade Coffee?
Fair trade certification promotes healthy work conditions by giving growers an economic incentive for using good practices. For certifications, coffee growers must join a coop, which determines the minimum amount paid to growers and how any excess profits will be spent. These premiums often go back to growers or are spent on education or community development to improve conditions in coffee growing countries.
Fair Trade Benefits Human Rights
When you buy fair trade coffee, you know that you arenâ€™t contributing to human rights violations. Many coffee plantations, which are not fair trade, provide work conditions that arenâ€™t healthy or fair for works. Child labor has been a common problem with coffee plantations. But fair trade agreements allow workers to be paid wages that are appropriate while ensuring that work conditions are reasonable.
Environmental Impact of Fair Trade Coffee
Fair trade agreements foster informed growing practices, which lead to more responsible coffee plantations. Often fair trade coffee is grown on full shade plantations, which have a positive impact on the environment, especially compared to the more common full sun plantations, which lead to deforestation. And deforestation of our tropical regions is a major factor in global warming.
Fair trade coffee is often organic, which reduces environmental issues with the potential misuse of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. This theoretically can result in a healthier coffee for consumers, because it hasn’t been sprayed with anything.
Coffee that is grown without chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, has a more positive effect on the surrounding community and on the plantations workers. (And on the pests and weeds too, ha ha.) Â In countries where pesticide and fertilizer usage is hardly regulated, heavy chemical use can potentially lead to chemical poisoning of workers and potential negative health consequences of those living in the surrounding area.
Fair Trade Coffee: More Expensive?
If you pay attention to prices when you shop, then youâ€™ve probably noticed that fair trade coffee seems to cost a little more than â€œregularâ€ coffee. But the fact is, regular coffee comes with hidden costs to farmers and to whole communities around the world.
What’s your favorite fair trade coffee? Leave a comment!